Federal Immigration Terms – What They Mean

What is a “Detainer”?

When a person with undetermined citizenship is arrested by local law enforcement, they will be processed just as anyone else would be. This process includes booking, photographing the defendant and taking their fingerprints. During this procedure, law enforcement officials will try to determine the identity and citizenship status of the person they are “booking.” If the defendant is suspected of being in the country illegally or having overstayed their legal presence in the country, the local law enforcement officials are required to notify DHS.

DHS will then use their enforcement arm, or ICE, to take custody of the defendant. ICE issues a “Detainer” to local law enforcement. This “detainer” is a document requesting that they hold the individual in question for a minimum of 48 hours so that ICE can take custody. If law enforcement officers are holding the defendant for local, criminal matters, the “detainer” requires that they give ICE a minimum of 48-hours notice before releasing the individual in question.

What is an “A-Number”?

Each person being investigated by DHS and ICE is assigned an Alien Registration Number or “A” Number. ICE uses this number to track paperwork and investigation details. When contacting DHS, ICE, or anyone else regarding the subject of an immigration investigation, you will need their “A” number. ICE has supervision responsibility for thousands of people and won't even try to find details for a defendant without that designation.

What is DHS?

DHS is a shortened designation for the Department of Homeland Security. The Department of Homeland Security is a cabinet department of the United States Federal Government responsible for a wide range of security matters on a national level. A part of this mission includes monitoring immigration, both legal and illegal.

What is ICE?

ICE stands for Immigration and Customs Enforcement. ICE is the law enforcement arm of the Department of Homeland Security responsible for enforcing federal laws governing border control, trade, customs, and immigration. ICE was formed in 2003 through a merger of the former U.S. Customs Service and Immigration and Naturalization Service.

ICE employs more than 20,000 people in over 400 offices throughout the US and in 46 foreign countries.

What is ERO?

ERO is the enforcement arm of ICE. The designation stands for Enforcement and Removal Operations. ERO enforces immigration laws by identifying, apprehending and removing illegal aliens from the United States. ERO is responsible for transporting and managing aliens in custody and removes individuals from the US who have been ordered to be deported.

Once ICE has conducted an investigation into an into a person's citizenship status and determined that they aren't eligible to remain in the United States, their custody and supervision is turned over to the ERO.

What is a Deportation Officer?

Each person being monitored by ERO is assigned a deportation officer. Deportation officers are responsible for the oversight of individuals who have been ordered to be deported. They monitor a detainee's activities if they have been released from custody on bond, pending hearings. If a detainee is maintained in custody, the Deportation Officer is responsible fro the health and well-being of that person and for transporting them to hearings and monitoring them until they leave the country or are allowed to remain in the United States.

What is a Detention Facility?

There are more than 200 detention facilities across the United States that hold individuals and families being investigated for immigration violations. The conditions in many of these detention facilities are much like a jail or prison. In fact, many county and state jails and prisons contract with the federal government to help house illegal aliens while they await process in Immigration Court.

You can begin trying to locate someone who has been detained by ICE or DHS by using the ICE detainee locator website. You will not be able to use this website to locate a person under 18. To locate someone in custody, you will need the detainee's “A-number” and correct country of birth.

If you don't know the A-number of the person you are searching for, you will need their first and last names with correct spelling and their country of birth and, if possible, their date of birth.

If you still cannot locate the person you are looking for, you can contact the field offices of the ICE division of Enforcement and Removal Operations, or ERO. ERO field offices are located in Arizona, Michigan, Minnesota, California, New Jersey, New York, Colorado, Florida, Pennsylvania, Georgia, Texas, Illinois, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Utah, Maryland, Virginia, and Washington. You can find contact information for various field offices here.

If you are unable to locate your friend or loved one through ICE, it is possible that they are being held at a local law enforcement detention center. You can call your local jails and prisons to ask about them. You will need to explain who you are and your relationship to the person you're looking for. Be careful about giving too much information about yourself, as you won't want to attract unwanted attention if you are also in the country illegally.

Mr. Nice Guy Bail Bonds has licensed bond agents on staff who can help you locate friends or loved ones in federal custody. Call Mr. Nice Guy at (844)400-2245 for help today!

What is an Immigration Court?

The Immigration Court is an administrative court operated by the U.S. Dept. of Justice. The specialize in handling only immigration cases. Immigration courts have the authority to grant legal status to foreign nationals. They are also responsible for ordering the deportation of persons illegally present in the U.S.

What is an Immigration Lawyer?

An Immigration Attorney is a layer who specializes in immigration law. It is important to hire an attorney who specializes in immigration matters. The government will have lawyers present to represent their side and  you should have an attorney to assist you representing your interests, as well.

What is an Immigration Bond Hearing?

An immigration hearing is proceedings in front of an immigration judge, to determine the eligibility of an individual for bond and to establish the amount of the bond. A person has a right to be represented by an immigration attorney at this hearing.

What Happens at an Immigration Bond Hearing?

The defendant is transported to the Immigration Court, to appear in front of the Immigration Judge. The Immigration Judge will review all of the documents and evidence of legal status, criminal history, reasons for detention, etc. After looking over all of this information, the judge will make a decision about the defendant's eligibility for Immigration Bond.

Some factors would make a person ineligible for Immigration Bonds. These factors include the defendant's criminal history, the circumstances surrounding their arrest and detention, and the Judge's overall perception of the defendant's character and flight risk.

What is an Immigration Judge?

An Immigration Judge is the judge responsible for making decisions regarding citizenship matters in Immigration Court. Immigration Judges have the power to grant legal status to foreign nationals or to order the deportation of people who have violated laws or immigration policy. An immigration judge is allowed to consider extenuating circumstances when determining whether to deport an individual or not. Some of the situations that may lead an Immigration Judge to allow an undocumented person to stay in the United States include:

  • Having children in the U.S. who are citizens.
  • Facing abuse or persecution in their homeland.
  • Requests for asylum.

What is a Notice To Appear, or NTA?

A Notice to Appear is a legal document that means deportation proceedings have been initiated against you. The NTA should include the following information:

  • The Alien Registration Number
  • The Subject's Name
  • How and Where the Subject Entered the US
  • Any Allegations Made by the DHS/ICE
  • Violations of US Law

What is a Notice of Custody Determination, or NCD?

This legal document normally accompanies an NTA. This document will ordinarily include a bond amount if any has been determined. If the NCD does not list a bond amount, or if “no bond” is indicated, a person has the right to request a hearing before an immigration judge to set a bond amount.

What are Immigration Bonds?

An Immigration Bond is an amount of money held by the government to ensure that a person appears for hearings and court proceedings in Immigration Court. An Immigration Bond also lays out specific conditions of the release being granted.

There are four types of immigration bonds:

  • G1 – Delivery Bond. This is a bond conditioned upon the delivery of an Alien and is the most common type of bond. It is used to ensure that a person will comply with a deportation order. A delivery bond allows an individual the opportunity to spend time with friends and family, as well as consult with an immigration attorney, prior to his or her court hearing.
  • G2 – Public Safety Bond. This bond is to ensure that the alien will not become a public charge. In other words, it ensures that the government will be reimbursed if a bonded alien receives any type of public assistance.
  • G3 – Voluntary Departure Bond. This bond is conditioned upon the voluntary departure of an alien and is used to ensure that the person returns to his or her home country in compliance with the conditions of the court order. A voluntary departure bond allows a detainee the opportunity to leave the country voluntarily within a specified time frame and gives the individual a chance to spend some time with family, make arrangements for themselves, and to leave under less stressful, less hurried circumstances. However, if the person chooses not to leave the country as agreed, the bond is forfeit and the person subject to pursuit, incarceration, and forcible deportation.
  • G4 – Order of Supervision Bond. This bond ensures that the individual complies with all conditions of the order of supervision and that he or she surrenders for removal.

A Delivery Bond and Voluntary Departure Bond are the two most common types. For help in understanding the bond process and procedures, call Mr. Nice Guy Bail Bonds today. (844)400-2245

What is an Immigration Bondsman?

An Immigration Bondsman is someone licensed by state and federal government to assist people in posting Federal Immigration Bonds. Mr. Good Guy Bail Bonds is licensed to facilitate Immigration Bonds and will work with you to get your friend or loved one home as quickly as possible. Whether you are looking for Federal Immigration Bonds or local appearance bonds, Mr. Nice Guy and the licensed members of his team will work hard to get you, or someone you love, back home fast!

Spanish speaking bondsmen are available, and most other languages can be accommodated.

Call Mr. Nice Guy today for help in securing the release of your friend or loved one.

Call (844) 400- BAIL (2245) Now!